Early Generation Seed Study

In order to unlock the potentials of breeder, foundation and registered seed, it is crucial to have a better understanding of the relation between demand and supply of this important class of seed. To this end, ISSD Myanmar programme, under component 2, undertook a study on Early Generation Seed production focusing on the potential EGS demand, as well as the current cost and benefits of EGS production.

The study looked into the current economic performance of nine Seed Farms in the Dry Zone of Myanmar. The Seed Farms are from both DOA and DAR. Chaung Maygi, Kyaemon, Ye Oo and Sint Khaing are the four DOA Farms selected for the study. The five DAR seed farms are: Yezin, Tatkon, Sebin, Kyauk Se and Zaloke.

In addition to gathering figures about the Seed Farms’ EGS production performance, the study collected data on the production of major crops in the Dry Zone.

A specific methodology was developed to assess the cost and benefits of seed production at the Seed Farms level. Data on all the available seed classes and all EGS crops currently in use in Myanmar were included in the study. The methodology looked at: 1- production and productivity between 2013 and 2017, 2- the detailed cost of production in 2016, 3- the sales of all seed in 2017.

The study provided a comprehensive overview of production data for the season 2017 as well as a profitability analysis of nine Seed Farms operating in the Dry Zone of Myanmar.

Based on this study, ISSD Myanmar Programme developed a few pilot projects with a number of Seed Farms in order to work on alternative business models that focused on greater autonomy and cost recovery. Intensive support and coaching for business plan development were provided as a result of the study’s recommendation. In addition to this, the ISSD Myanmar programme intensively works towards brokering new institutional arrangements between DOA/DAR headquarters and the selected seed farms.